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ES+H Multifamily Building Upgrades_508c_02 09 2016

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24 Energy Savings Plus Health | INDOOR AIR QUALITY GUIDELINES FOR MULTIFAMILY BUILDING UPGRADES PRIORITY ISSUE 4.0 POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs) ASSESSMENT PROTOCOLS (AP) MINIMUM ACTIONS (MA) EXPANDED ACTIONS (EA) AP 4.1 Determine Whether Fluo- rescent Light Ballasts Containing PCBs Are Present Some multifamily residential build- ings may contain fluorescent light fixtures with ballasts manufactured before 1979 that contain PCBs. Ballasts manufactured between July 1, 1978 and July 1, 1998 that do not contain PCBs were required to be labeled "No PCBs." Newer fluorescent lighting typically uses electronic ballasts that do not contain PCBs and should be clearly marked as electronic. If fluorescent light ballasts do not have the statement "No PCBs" or are not marked as electronic, assume that the ballasts contain PCBs or contact the manufacturer to determine whether the ballasts contain PCBs. If the manufacturer is not sure whether the ballasts contain PCBs, assume that they do. AP 4.2 Assess Caulk That Will Be Disturbed Assess whether caulk will be disturbed during the building up- grade activities. Consider the age of the structure, since buildings built or renovated between 1950 and 1979 may be more likely to contain PCBs in caulk. Typical locations include around windows, door frames, masonry columns and other masonry materials. Note: PCBs were not added to caulk after 1979; however, caulk containing PCBs manufactured before 1979 could have been used in buildings after that time. MA 4.1 Replace PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts Whether PCBs are confirmed or assumed to be present, new lighting fixtures can be used to replace the existing fixtures. PCB-contain- ing fluorescent light ballasts that are leaking must be replaced and properly disposed of pursuant to EPA regulations, as described in 40 CFR Part 761 Subpart D. Any oil and stains leaked from PCB-containing ballasts also must be properly cleaned up or dis- posed of in accordance with the PCB decontamination or disposal regulations. EPA recommends that non-leaking PCB-containing flu- orescent light ballasts also be replaced because of their increased likelihood to fail and leak and because of the increased energy efficiency of new ballasts. MA 4.2 Address Caulk Potentially Containing PCBs When It Will be Disturbed During Building Upgrades If PCBs are potentially present in caulk and the caulk will be dis- turbed during the building upgrades (e.g., window or door replace- ment, improved weatherization sealing), take steps to minimize exposure. For more information, go to Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Building Materials. MA 4.3 Properly Dispose of PCB-Containing Light Ballasts, Caulk and Other Materials When removing PCB-containing light ballasts, caulk and other materials contaminated by PCBs, specific notification, packing, reporting, storage, transportation and disposal requirements apply, see 40 CFR Part 761. Ensure that waste management also meets local and state requirements. Document and store copies of all test results. Include documentation of all sampling locations and disposal measures, including disposal companies used and final destination of waste materials. EPA Regional PCB Coordinators are a resource for all PCB issues. Note: Fluorescent light bulbs contain small amounts of mercury. Ensure that the bulbs are handled properly to avoid breakage and the release of contaminants. More information on fluorescent bulb disposal requirements may be obtained from your state solid and hazardous waste agencies. See Priority Issue 23.0 Protecting IAQ During Construction for more information on limiting exposure to mercury. This cell is intentionally blank. References for Priority Issue 4.0 Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): EPA: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Building Materials EPA: PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts (FLBs) in School Buildings EPA: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) EPA: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce, And Use Prohibitions, 40 CFR Part 761 Subpart D—Storage and Disposal EPA: Recycling Mercury-Containing Light Bulbs (Lamps) EPA: Regional PCB Contacts EPA: Steps to Safe Renovation and Abatement of Buildings That Have PCB-Containing Caulk See Appendix A: Worker Protection

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